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La régénération du système nerveux périphérique et central par la voie RSK-RPS6

Thèse / Eq S.Belin

Le 9 novembre 2023

Soutenance de thèse de Charlotte Decourt

Le jeudi 9 novembre 2023, Charlotte DECOURT soutiendra sa thèse intitulée "La régénération du système nerveux périphérique et central par la voie RSK-RPS6".

Cette thèse a été dirigée par Marylin VANTARD et co-dirigée par Stéphane BELIN de l'équipe "Régulation traductionnelle en conditions normales et pathologiques" du GIN.

Composition du jury :

  • Mme Mireille Albrieux - Présidente du jury
  • M. Fréderic Brocard - Rapporteur
  • Mme Caroline Moyret Lalle - Rapportrice
  • Mme Juliette Godin - Examinatrice
  • M. Stéphane Belin - Co-directeur de thèse
  • Mme Marylin Vantard - Directrice de thèse

Résumé :

Unlike immature neurons and the ones from the peripheral nervous system (PNS), mature neurons from the central nervous system (CNS) cannot regenerate after injury. In the past 15 years, tremendous progress has been made to identify molecules and pathways necessary for neuroprotection and/or axon regeneration after CNS injury. In most regenerative models, phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6 (p-RPS6) is up-regulated in neurons, which is often associated with an activation of the mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway. However, the exact contribution of posttranslational modifications of this ribosomal protein in CNS regeneration remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that RPS6 phosphorylation is essential for PNS and CNS regeneration in mice. We show that this phosphorylation is induced during the preconditioning effect in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and that it is controlled by the p90S6 kinase RSK2. Our results reveal that RSK2 controls the preconditioning effect and that the RSK2-RPS6 axis is key for this process, as well as for PNS regeneration. Finally, we demonstrate that RSK2 promotes CNS regeneration in the dorsal column, spinal cord synaptic plasticity, and target innervation leading to functional recovery. Our data establish the critical role of RPS6 phosphorylation controlled by RSK2 in CNS regeneration and give new insights into the mechanisms related to axon growth and circuit formation after traumatic lesion.


Le 9 novembre 2023

Publié le 5 février 2024

Mis à jour le 5 février 2024