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The neurobiology of cancer: how does the nervous system infiltrate and regulate tumor progression?

le 21 octobre 2021

Séminaire de Fanny Mann (IBDM, Marseille)

Recent evidence has highlighted the presence of neuronal nerve processes in the tumor microenvironment. However, the origin of intra-tumoral nerves remains poorly known, in part because of technical difficulties in tracing nerve fibers via regular histological preparations. Here, we employed three-dimensional imaging of cleared tissues for a comprehensive analysis of sympathetic innervation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The results support two independent, but coexisting, mechanisms: passive engulfment of pre-existing nerves within tumors and active, localized sprouting of nerve terminals into non-neoplastic lesions and tumor periphery.Nerve ablation revealed an inverse correlation between sympathetic innervation and tumor growth and spread. Furthermore, sympathectomy increased CD163+ macrophage levels, which contributed to worse outcomes. Altogether, our findings revealed protective properties of the sympathetic nervous system in PDAC immunity and progression that could pave the way for new treatments.

Fanny Mann est invitée par Jean-Christophe Deloulme et Sandrine Humbert.

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