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Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences

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Home > Research > Research teams > Neuropathologies and Synaptic Dysfunctions (Alain BUISSON)

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Team "Neuropathologies and Synaptic Dysfunctions"

Director: Alain BUISSON

Our goals are to study the mechanisms involved in synaptic toxicity setting up in Alzheimer's disease and to identify the molecular actors involved in the alteration of synaptic plasticity phenomena associated to a dysfunction of tripartite synapse
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The team "Neuropathologies and synaptic dysfunctions" develops a project to characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying early Alzheimer's disease by focusing on the synapse which represents the first target of the disease.



Research themes and techniques used

Alzheimer disease is characterized at the cellular level by the accumulation of proteins outside (beta-amyloid) and inside neurons (fibrillar proteins associated with hyperphosphorylation of tau protein). Many studies have shown that the decrease in the number of dendritic spines (contact area between synaptic neurons) appears early in the disease development and is strongly correlated with the cognitive deficits observed in patients (including memory loss). The team has developed tools to study the early effects of these accumulations on the function and the structure of the synapse.

To characterize the molecular mechanisms leading to the loss of synaptic plasticity in Alzheimer's disease, the team "Neuropathologies and synaptic dysfunctions" focuses on the effects of ? amyloid peptide accumulation on synapse function and develops the following research projects:

 

  • Functional plasticity of glutamatergic synapses: to characterize intracellular and extracellular targets of ? amyloid peptide and the consequences of its accumulation on pathological dysfunctions of glutamatergic neurotransmission, including the functioning of NMDA receptors.

  • Structural plasticity of glutamatergic synapses: to determine the effects of ? amyloid peptide accumulation on the actin cytoskeleton. Actin is the main synaptic component controlling the shape, the organization and the function of dendritic spines.

  • Involvement of astrocytes in these synaptic dysfunctions: to study the modifications of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and how the structural and functional plasticity of astrocytes are linked to the synaptic loss.

     

Techniques used:

  • Physiology: electrophysiology and calcium imaging in brain slices and cell cultures
  • Biochemistry and Cell Biology: primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes, recombinant protein expression, purification of synaptosomes (pre- and postsynaptic fractions), purification of gliosomes, protein interaction studies
  • Optical Microscopy: Confocal microscopy, FRAP
  • APP/PS1-21 transgenic mice (Alzheimer disease animal model)

     

Publications

Major Publications

Bosson A, Paumier A, Boisseau S, Jacquier-Sarlin M, Buisson A and Albrieux M (2017). TRPA1 channels promote astrocytic Ca2+ hyperactivity and synaptic dysfunction mediated by oligomeric forms of amyloid-beta peptide. Mol Neurodegener., 12 (53): 1-19.

Frandemiche ML, De Seranno S, Rush T, Borel E., Elie A., Arnal I., Lanté F. and Buisson A. (2014). Activity dependent tau protein translocation to excitatory synapse is disrupted by exposure to Amyloid ? oligomers. J. Neurosci., 34:6084-6097

Lanté F, Toledo-Salas JC, Ondrejcak T, Rowan MJ, Ulrich D. (2011). Removal of synaptic Ca²+-permeable AMPA receptors during sleep. J Neurosci. 31:3953-61.

El Gaamouch F, Buisson A, Moustié O, Lemieux M, Labrecque S, Bontempi B, De Koninck P, Nicole O. (2012). Interaction between ?CaMKII and GluN2B controls ERK-dependent plasticity. J Neurosci. 1;32(31):10767-79.

Bordji K, Becerril-Ortega J, Nicole O, Buisson A (2010). Activation of Extrasynaptic, But Not Synaptic, NMDA Receptors Modifies Amyloid Precursor Protein Expression Pattern and Increases Amyloid-? Production. J. Neurosci. 30:15927–15942

Bosson A, Boisseau S, Buisson A, Savasta M, Albrieux M (2015) Disruption of dopaminergic transmission remodels tripartite synapse morphology and astrocytic calcium activity within substantia nigra pars reticulata. Glia. 63 (4): 673–68


Updated on April 24, 2018

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